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Attorney CST Questionnaire

Competence-Related Domains and Relevant Areas of Inquiry

Fitness Interview Test – Revised

Template for Adapting the FIT-R to Australia’s (Victoria) Criteria for Unfitness (Courtesy of Dr. Andrew Carroll 🙂

Interdisciplinary Fitness Interview – Revised Training Manual


  • Pirelli, G., Gottdiener, W. H., & Zapf, P. A. (2011). A meta-analytic review of competency to stand trial research. Psychology, Public Policy, 

Download as a PDF

  • Roesch, R., & Zapf, P. A. (2013). Forensic Assessments in Criminal and Civil Law: A Handbook for Lawyers. New York: Oxford.

Download a PDF of Chapter 2 Evaluation of Competence to Stand Trial in Adults

  • Mullen, P. E. (2002). Commentary: Competence assessment practices in England and Australia versus the United States. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 30, 486-487.


  • Scott, R. (2007). Forensic provisions of the Mental Heath Act 2000 (Qld). Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 14, 272-293.
  • Scott, R. (2007). Fitness for trial in Queensland. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 14, 327-349.
  • Scott, R. (2017). Fitness for trial and the self-represented defendant. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 24, 163-190.
  • van der Wijngaart, S., Hawkins, R., & Golus, P. (2015). The role of psychologists in the South Australian fitness to stand trial process. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 22, 75-93.
  • White, A. J., Batchelor, J., Meares, S., Pulman, S., & Howard, D. (2015). Fitness to stand trial in one Australian jurisdiction: The role of cognitive abilities, neurological dysfunction and psychiatric disorders. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 23, 499-511.
  • White, A. J., Batchelor, J., Pulman, S., & Howard, D. (2012). The role of cognitive assessment in determining fitness to stand trial. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 11, 102-109.
  • White, A. J., Meares, S., & Batchelor, J. (2014). The role of cognition in fitness to stand trial: A systematic review. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 25, 77-99.

New Zealand

  • Dawson, J. (2008). Capacity to stand trial: Old and new in New Zealand. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 15, 251-260.
  • Sakdalan, J. A., & Egan, V. (2014). Fitness to stand trial in New Zealand: Different factors associated with fitness to stand trial between mentally disordered and intellectually disabled defendants in the New Zealand criminal justice system. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 21, 658-668.

United Kingdom

  • Akinkunmi, A. A. (2002). The MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool – Fitness to Plead: A preliminary evaluation of a research instrument for assessing fitness to plead in England and Wales. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 30, 476-482.